Call for Papers: Knowledge-that/knowledge-how: between phenomenology and analytic philosophy – Thematic dossier of Studia UBB Philosophia (Issue 3/2020)

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Distinctions between various kinds of knowledge (practical and theoretical, procedural and declarative, etc.) are age-old and common in philosophy. Ryle’s (1949) seminal approach defined and established today’s most hotly debated distinction of this type, that between knowledge-that (i.e., propositional knowledge) and knowledge-how. Ryle rejects what he calls, in a somewhat derogatory manner, intellectualism, that is, the view that all knowledge, including knowledge-how, is propositional. Ryle’s view remained largely unchallenged until Stanley and Williamson’s 2001 paper titled ‘Knowing How’. Stanley and Williamson proposed a linguistic argument that defended the view that knowledge-how is a species of knowledge-that and rejected Ryle’s famous regressive argument against intellectualism. Stanley and Williamson’s paper has been the starting point of a very animated and diverse debate concerning knowledge-how, that in recent years has largely shifted focus on the notion of skill. Not only Ryle’s perspective has been put under scrutiny by the new intellectualists, but prominent thinkers from the phenomenological tradition, such as Merleau-Ponty and Dreyfus, are also the object of criticism in the series of papers written by Stanley alone or co-written by Stanley and other authors. Naturally, intellectualism has received numerous replies from various traditions and fields, both from analytic philosophers and phenomenologists, who have made use of various empirical studies and results, as well as older and newer philosophical theories and arguments. In this framework, ancient, medieval or just alternative models of knowledge and skill ranging from philosophy and psychology to computer science become relevant. Our aim in this issue is to bring together, as far as possible, the various traditions and approaches that have a bearing on the debate. Possible topics include (but are not limited to):

  • The (in)sufficiency of linguistic arguments for establishing theories about knowledge and cognition
  • The relation between knowledge (-how, -that, or knowledge in general) and skill. The relation between knowledge, intelligence, and intelligent action. Can we have non-propositional knowledge that is nevertheless intelligent in its manifestation? What determines when something is propositional?
  • The role of representations in defining knowledge and mediating between knowledge and action. Modes of presentation. Are modes of presentation fit to provide the interface between knowledge and action, as the intellectualist would want?
  • Accounts of knowledge in general and of various types of knowledge. What are the perspectives for compositional counterarguments to intellectualism? Should the difficulties encountered in specifying a strict demarcation between types of knowledge reflect back on the concept of knowledge itself?

 

Papers should be written in English. Their length should be between 5000 and 8000 words. The papers should be accompanied by a short abstract written in English (maximum 300 words), 3-8 keywords and a short biography of the author(s).

Submitted papers should be sent as attachments in an e-mail message with the subject “KNOWLEDGE-THAT-KNOWLEDGE-HOW-SUBMISSION” to the following address:

copoeru@hotmail.com in “.doc”, “.docx” or “.rtf” format.

For more information on the general submission guidelines: https://studiaphilosophia.wordpress.com/indication/.

Deadline for submission: Sept. 15th, 2020.

The special issue will be guest-edited by dr. Mihai Rusu and dr. Adrian Luduşan. Please direct any inquiries concerning this supplement to mihaimcrusu@gmail.com, adiludusan@gmail.com.

Burdened Children 1930 by Paul Klee
Burdened Children 1930 by Paul Klee

Gesture, Speech, and Conceptualization

Studia UBB. Philosophia, no. 2/ 2019

The August issue of Studia UBB Philosophia will be devoted for the most part to the papers presented at the Workshop “Gesture, Speech and Conceptualization”, which took place on October 11 and 12, 2018 in Cluj-Napoca. The event was co-organized by the Babes-Bolyai University – the Faculty of History and Philosophy and the Faculty of Psychology – and the Laboratory Lidilem of the University Grenoble Alpes (France). This event brought together specialists in various fields of research (philosophy, psychology, linguistics, education sciences, etc.) who confronted theories, approaches, and tools of disciplinary or interdisciplinary analysis around the place of concepts, gestures, and body in the elaboration of thought in situations of interaction.
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Le numéro d’août de Studia UBB Philosophia sera consacré pour la plupart aux communications présentées lors du Workshop “Geste, parole et conceptualisation”, qui a eu lieu le 11 et 12 octobre 2018 à Cluj-Napoca, événement co-organisé par l’Université Babes-Bolyai – la Faculté d’Histoire et de Philosophie et la Faculté de Psychologie, ainsi que par le Laboratoire Lidilem de l’Université Grenoble Alpes (France). Cette manifestation a réuni des spécialistes de domaines de recherche variés (philosophie, psychologie, linguistique, sciences de l’éducation, etc.) qui ont confronté des théories, approches et outils d’analyse disciplinaire ou interdisciplinaires (inspirés de la phénoménologie, la cognition incarnée, la pragmatique, l’art, etc.) autour de la place des concepts, des gestes et du corps dans l’élaboration de la pensée en situations d’interaction.

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CALL FOR PAPERS: Studia UBB Philosophia, no. 1/ 2020. Cinema and Psychoanalysis: The Woman as Shadow or Mask

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Studia UBB Philosophia invites authors to contribute to an issue (no. 1/ 2020) on the following theme: The Woman as Shadow or Mask with reference to cinema and psychoanalysis. The first edition of the international colloquium on cinema and psychoanalysis was organized on October 27-28, 2018, by the Forum of the Lacanian Field Romania, in collaboration with the Faculty of Theatre and Film at Babeș-Bolyai University.

Whereas Sigmund Freud regarded femininity as a mysterious, unexplored and even ʽdarkʼ continent, describing not what a woman is, but how does she come into being (the notorious question ʽWhat does a woman want?ʼ), Jacques Lacan argues that hysteria is an attribute of femininity (the question ʽWhat is a woman?ʼ) and proposes the concept of a feminine jouissance (Fr. la jouissance féminine, cf. Le Séminaire. Livre XX. Encore, 1972-73), which goes ʽbeyond the phallusʼ regardless of the biological sex. In reference to the phallic signifier, the woman is exceptional because she exists on the side of the One. Moreover, she cannot be assigned a number, existing within the logic of the singular and of the infinite. Yet, the woman is bound to wear the phallic mask: she doesn’t possess the phallus, but she must act as she had it.
Representing the feminine exceptionality and problematizing the relations between gender and sexuality, cinema in almost all its genres (classical, modern, Expressionist, noir, Western, melodrama, etc), approaches some essential psychoanalytical themes such as identification, castration, desire, masquerade, fantasy, symptom, fetish, perversion. But how does cinema create and conceive the image (and the self-image) of the woman? Is the woman in her fascinating presence envisioned only as the object of the determining male gaze, only in relation to the patriarchal logic and with language? What is meant after all by the spectacle or by the show off behind the sexual difference and how is the woman’s masquerade connected with her body? Cinema, the “materialization of the fiction” according to Lacan, brings the unconscious into light regardless of the sex, even though there are film or stage directors who prefer to deal predominantly with the feminine unconscious (Federico Fellini or Ingmar Bergman, to name only two filmic examples; Milo Rau or Andriy Zholdak in contemporary theatre). Thus, the screen is a privileged ground for the appearance and the presentation of the real – the psychoanalytical real, defined only in a triad with the imaginary and the symbolic. Besides, it is also the territory of women as masks of masculinity (especially in Japanese cinema), the surface where the phallic jouissance of the woman (as opposed to the supplementary abovementioned feminine jouissance) is projected, the surface of suffering or caricatural laughter of the feminine character (as in David Lynch and Woody Allen), the surface of the psychotic uncanny (das Unheimliche) related to an inhibited or repressed feminine desire (Luchino Visconti, Michael Haneke). Other examples involve the feminine faces as shadows that blend into each other (Bergman – Persona or The Silence; Antonioni with his famous trilogy on the modern alienation), the visage of the woman framed in monstrous close-ups (Dreyer’s La Passion de Jeanne d’Arc) or grasped in fear and terror (the films of Dario Argento and Alfred Hitchcock). Finally, the screen often provides an imperishable shelter for the realm of cadaverous women that wander unrestfully in-between two deaths, as in Dreyer’s The Word/ Ordet and in Bergman’s Cries and Whispers/ Viskningar och rop. 
The theme of the feminine enigma that points to the mask and to the shadow as theatrical hypostases of the feminine subject encourages interdisciplinary and synthetic papers. The authors may bring into discussion different subjects concerning the status/ the role of the woman as shadow or mask on the screen by reexamining the aforementioned concepts or by approaching other perspectives that can be of relevance. The texts should be emailed to Noemina Câmpean, the editor in charge (noemina.campean@gmail.com).

CALL FOR PAPERS – issue 2/2017- Nomadic, Migrating, Commuting, Wearable Technologies and Their Infrastructures

Call for Papers for August 2017 issue of Studia UBB Philosophia : 

Nomadic, Migrating, Commuting, Wearable Technologies and  Their Infrastructures

One of the central issues of the present political agenda is the migration crisis. Apart from economical and environmental migration, we assisted in the latest years to the exacerbation of some political conflicts and implicitly to a political-based migration too. The intensification of the phenomena and the debates around migration force us to look back in history and to analyse our political parti-prises. Tragic images of migrants’ attempts to cross the Mediterranean Sea or traversing other migration corridors were doubled by welcomed or hostile reactions of authorities in the destination countries. The press did not spare us details about the migration routes, infrastructures, migrants’ packsacks, clothes and their smart technologies (see, for example, Meyer, 2015).

For those who are not obliged to migrate, the present work flexibility pushes them to a rather increased commute between their homes and their working places. New economies started to take roots and support such developments, such as Airbnb hosting models or low-cost flights.

The technological developments aim today towards the miniaturisation of electronic devices and their integration into the “fabric” of our lives (Weiser, 1995). The very expected revolution of wearables technologies promises to support us in our travels and commutes and to make us “equipped” individuals (Ghiu, 2010). Augmenting our bodies, the questions they raise is how and for what do they equip us? And in the perspective of an internet of things, to which networks do they integrate or restrict us?

Traveling for one reason or another, traveling short or long distances, settling or not settling to destinations are some of the aspects that make up the differences between nomadism, migration or commuting. Part of human existence, all these travels end up defining life styles. The present times transportation and communication systems play an important role and they challenge our understanding of place or home. Our perception of distance it is also altered. Migration and commuting are redefining the notions of identity, neighbourhood or citizenship, while communication technologies are keeping alive family connections and older or newest imagined communities (Anderson, 1983).

The present call invites papers that question the nomadic, migrating, commuting, wearable technologies and their infrastructures. We are looking to understand what supports roads, migrating corridors, travel and commuting itineraries. Who controls them and what technologies are in place for them? What are the critical aspects of these infrastructures?

We will also like to have an insight into what kind of objects, wearables and devices we are carrying around and what kind of contents and data do they contain. How are these contents and data going to be used and to whom are they important? How these devices are designed, based on which scenarios, using what kind of materials and technical systems? What would someone have like to take with them, but had to leave aside? What kind of wearable technologies are today developed and which ones are really used? And what kind of technologies should we developed for different travel purposes and on what principles?

Moreover, we want to encourage proposals that consider the relationships between traveling and communication infrastructures and the devices and equipments someone carries along in all these pilgrims. In short, we are interested in what carries us and what are we carrying with us. More then just speculative approaches, we encourage case-based studies and researches, technological experiments and critical enquiries.

Prospective authors are encouraged to take into account the following axes and areas connected to the call:

  • Philosophical enquiry: philosophy of technology and media theory, etc.
  • Anthropological and experiential enquiry: phenomenology of nomadic, migrating, commuting processes; anthropological perspectives on nomadic, migrating, commuting and wearable technologies phenomena; sociological and political aspects of todays’ nomadic, migrating and commuting networks, etc.
  • Technical and media enquiry: nomadic, migrating, commuting, wearable technologies; nomadic, migrating and commuting infrastructures; wearable technologies and devices; the relationship between nomadic, migrating and commuting infrastructures and wearable technologies and devices, etc.

Preliminary abstracts (300 words) are due by February 17, 2017. Invitations for full papers submissions will be addressed by March 20, 2017. The papers and reviews will be selected from the proposals on the basis of double blind peer reviews. Authors should address the full papers before May 14, 2017 and will be notified on the results via email by June 16, 2017.

 

IMPORTANT DATES:

Abstracts submission dead-line: February 17, 2017.

Invitation for full papers by: March 20, 2017.

Full papers submission dead-line: May 14, 2017.

Notification of acceptance: June 16, 2017.

Publication: August 2017.

Papers should be written in English, French or German and should be 5000-8000 words. They should be accompanied by a short abstract written in English (maximum 300 words), 3-8 keywords and a short biography.

Submitted abstract and papers should be sent by e-mail to the editorial team: studiaphilosophia@gmail.com in “.doc” or “.rtf” format as attachments only. Figures can be included into a separate sheet with legend details. They should be high quality (300 dpi for color at the original size) and should be saved as TIFF, PostScript or EPS files.

 

References

GHIU, Bodgan. “Imperceptible, Hyperceptible: the New Hodological Condition”, in HEINZEL, Tincuta (ed.). Art, Space and Memory in the Digital Era, Paideia Publishing House, Bucharest, 2010.

MEYER, Christoph. “Handys sind für Flüchtlinge kein Luxus”, in Süddeutsche Zeitung, 11 August 2015, On-line: http://www.sueddeutsche.de/panorama/vorurteile-warum-handys-fuer-fluechtlinge-kein-luxusartikel-sind-1.2603717.

“Habiter le campement” Exhibition, 13th of April – 29th of August 2016, Cité de l’Architecture, Paris. Website: http://www.citechaillot.fr/fr/expositions/expositions_temporaires/26192-habiter_le_campement.html

WEISER, Mark. “The Computer for the 21st Century”, in Scientific American, 1991, On-Line: http://www.ubiq.com/hypertext/weiser/SciAmDraft3.html .

ANDERSON, Benedict. Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism, London, Verso, 1983.

 

INDICATIONS FOR THE AUTHORS

For the submission of the papers, please follow the guidelines specified on the journal’s blog: https://studiaphilosophia.wordpress.com/indication/

 

ABOUT THE JOURNAL

Studia UBB. Philosophia is an open access double-blind peer reviewed journal devoted to promote a high level of academic research on innovative subjects and emergent topics at the crossroads of philosophy, social sciences, art and various professional practices. Established in 1955, the academic journal Studia UBB. Philosophia, issued by the Department of Philosophy in the Faculty of History and Philosophy, of Babes-Bolyai University Cluj, strives to foster a strong collaboration among senior and junior researchers from Babes-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca and from abroad. The journal is indexed in the following international data bases: EBSCO, CEEOL, IBSS, E-Journals, OLIX-OPACLIBRIS, LIRIAS, ESTER, CEEAS, ACNP and it is officially acknowledged by Romanian National University Research Council (CNCSIS).

 

For more information please contact:

Editor-in-chief: 

Associated Professor Ion COPOERU (philosopher – “Babes-Bolyai” University Cluj, Romania), Email: copoeru(at)hotmail.com.

Issue Coordinator:

Dr. Tincuta HEINZEL (artist, designer and researcher – “Ion Mincu” Architecture and Urban Planning University Bucharest, Romania), Email: tinca(at)textiltronics.com.

Issue Co-Editors:  

– Prof. Dana DIMINESCU (sociologist – I3-SES, CNRS, Télécom ParisTech, Paris-Saclay University, France), Email: dana.diminescu(at)telecom-paristech.fr;

– Dr. Clotilde FELIX-FROMENTIN (interior architect, designer and researcher – LACTH, Graduate School of Architecture and Landscape, Lille, France), Email: clotilde.felixfromentin(at)gmail.com;

– Prof. Zilvinas LILAS (artist, curator and researcher – KHM-Academy of Media Arts , Cologne, Germany), Email: zlilas(at)khm.de;

– Prof. Lasse SCHERFFIG (artist and computer scientist – San Francisco Art Institute, USA), Email: lscherffig(at)sfai.edu.