Call for papers


Direct interaction
methods of research, epistemology, and conceptualization


Long Abstract Submission (max. 600 words): January 15th, 2022
Notification of acceptance: February 1st, 2022
Registration: from the 1st to 30th of March 2022.
Extended Paper (which can be reviewed at the end of the workshop): 15th April
In preparation for the 6 workshop sessions, 6 chairs are each working on the synthesis of three documents: 15th April – 15th May


The interactions constituted a topic of investigation in social sciences and philosophy starting with the beginning of the 20th century. Initially, the study of interactions was associated with the investigation of human experience. Georg Simmel and Erving Goffman have shifted the understanding of social phenomena by reversing their traditional framing as means-end and cause-effect chain models.

For Simmel, the phenomena of face-to-face interaction were central to the sociological investigation. Through Cooley and Mead, social interactionism emphasized the importance of interaction in social psychology. In developmental psychology, Vygotsky was among the first to speak about the role of interpersonal interactions for cognitive development. The interrelations of people’s behaviors in each other’s immediate presence became the focus of interest for many researchers in the first half of the century. Therefore, the method of measuring and analyzing the behavior of persons in face-to-face interactions received a greater attention. However, the investigation of interactions was not the primary object of study, but rather a means for explaining social institutions and human relationships. Linguistics, ethnology and anthropology largely contributed in the last decades of the century to bring about the structure of the interactions and to describe accurately the entirety of elements involved in them. In linguistics, three major fields of research were opened: the conversation analysis (Goffman, Kerbrat- Orecchioni), the politeness theory (Brown and Levinson) and speech acts theory (Austin, Searle). The “action” as unite of the behavior have been identified and measured (Chapple), paving their way for quantitative research on social organization structure. Studies on body motion (the Birdwhistell’s kinesics, for example), and the recent surge of gesture studies field of visible bodily action (driven by authors such as Kendon, McNeill,), that plays a central role in understanding language and more broadly the communication process in human interaction, in various culture and social context, nowadays have many applications areas. Goldin-Meadow even shows that gestures have an important role in cognition in general. On the other hand, joint attention, i.e. attention to an object or situation that is shared with another person, plays an important role in language development (Yu & Smith).

Another parallel approach focused on the classification of the content of what people communicate. Bales’ system of categories, for example, is based on a theory of the interactive process as problem-solving situation.

In the first two decades of the 21st century a larger quantity of research has been directed towards direct interaction, in which participants are standing in direct contact and are wholly engaged or immersed in interaction. As a consequence, researchers considered new aspects of the interrelation between the body, the surroundings, and the interaction itself when actors are coming together.

The theoretical and methodological advances in studying interactions, particularly face-to-face interactions, both required and prompted a series of conceptual (philosophical) clarifications:

  • the definition and the structure of the situation; emerging traits in situation;
  • the definition of action and interaction; typology of interactions; verbal and co-verbal aspects; taking-turns; multimodality;
  • the role of subjectivity in interactions; children and adults in interaction;
  • the potential impact of an interactive theory of various field of research and human activity
  • the types of theories which are fit to capture the nature and the complexity of interactions; the theoretical models subjacent to the measuring and analyzing of interactions; the validity of the theoretical.

Some references

  • AUSTIN, John, How to do things with words, Oxford University Press, 1962.
  • BALES, Robert F., Interaction process analysis; a method for the study of small groups, American Sociological Review, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Apr., 1950), 257-263.BROWN, P., & LEVINSON, S. C., Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978, 1987.
  • BIRDWHISTELL, Ray L., Kinesics and context. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010.
  • BROWN, P., & LEVINSON, S. C., Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978, 1987.
  • CHAPPLE, Eliot D., The interaction chronograph: its evolution and present application, Personnel, 1949.
  • DAVID, Murray S., “Georg Simmel and Erving Goffman: Legitimators of the sociological investigation of human experience”, in Qualitative Sociology 20.3, 1997, 369-388.
  • FERRE, Gaëlle, Analyse de discours multimodal, UGA Éditions, 2019.GALLAGHER, Shaun, Action and interaction, Oxford Univ. Press, 2020.
  • GALLAGHER Shaun, VARGA, Somogy, Meshed Architecture of Performance as a Model of Situated Cogni- tion, in Frontiers in Psychology, 1, 2020. DOI=10.3389/fpsyg.2020.02140
  • GOFFMAN, Erving, Interaction ritual: Essays on face-to-face interaction, Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday, 1967.
    GOLDIN-MEADOW, S., Cook, S. W., & MITCHELL, Z. A., Gesturing gives children new ideas about math, inPsychological Science, 20(3), 2009, 267-272.
  • GOODWIN, Charles, Conversational organization. Interaction between speakers and hearers, 1981.
  • GUAÏTELLA, Isabelle, SANTI, Serge, et CAVÉ, Christian. ORALITÉ ET GESTUALITÉ : Interactions et compor- tements multimodaux dans la communication, Editions L’Harmattan, 2001.
  • KENDON, Adam. Gesture: Visible action as utterance. Cambridge University Press, 2004.
  • KERBRAT-ORECCHIONI, Catherine, Les interactions verbales. Armand Colin, 1990-1994 (3 tomes).
  • KERBRAT-ORECCHIONI, Catherine, Le Discours-en-interaction. Armand Colin, 2005.
  • MCNEILL, David (ed.), Language and gesture, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • MELTZER, Bernard N., PETRAS, John W., et REYNOLDS, Larry T., Symbolic interactionism: Genesis, varie- ties and criticism, Routledge, 2020.
  • SEARLE, John R., Speech Acts. An essay in the Philosophy of Language, Cambridge University Press, 1969.
  • VYGOTSKY, Lev S., Mind in society: The development of higher mental process, 1978.
  • YU, Chen, & SMITH, Linda B, Joint Attention without Gaze Following: Human Infants and Their Parents Coordinate Visual Attention to Objects through Eye-Hand Coordination, in PLOSOne, 11, 2013, 1-10.

Workshop’s Aim

The aim of this workshop is to investigate in a collaborative way which research methods, which types of investigation and which underlying epistemological models are able to capture interaction with its specificities. We wish to cross different conceptualizations and methodologies, in the study of diverse interactions that go beyond human interaction: human-animal, human-machine, etc.

One of the ambitions of this joint research work is also to philosophically legitimize the field of interactions as a distinct field of investigation.

We invite researchers who work on interaction in different fields (philosophy, linguistics, psychology, conversational analysis, etc.) to submit their work and thoughts in progress for consideration during the workshop.

The following questions may guide your proposal, within your own discipline

– What is interaction? How do you define it? Is it a concept? A simple notion?
– How do you analyze it? With what tools?
– Which interaction model(s) do you use in your field of knowledge? How theoretical models are constructed and applied to empirical situations?

You are invited to present a work in progress, a first draft to be reworked after the workshop.
After a review process, the final version of your papers may be sent for publication for a Supplement to Issue of STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI – PHILOSOPHIA. The articles will be indexed in WoS-ESCI and are open access.

Workshop Languages

English and French

Workshop Location

Center for Applied Philosophy, Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca Str. M. Kogalniceanu, 1, Cluj-Napoca

Working Methods

The workshop sessions (lasting 1h30) will take place as follows:
– 1st: synthesis presentation from three papers by a chairman: 20 min
– 2nd: reaction of the proposers (each speaker has 10 minutes to react to his/her own proposal or/and to react to the others’ proposal): 30 min
– 3th: discussions with the audience: 40 min


Center for Applied Philosophy, Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca Ion Copoeru,

Laboratoire de linguistique et didactique des langues étrangères et maternelles (LiDiLEM) EA 609, Université Grenoble Alpes.
Anda Fournel,
Jean -Pascal Simon,

Scientific committee

  1. Auriac-Slusarczyk, Emmanuèle (MCF-HDR en Sciences du langage, Université Clermont Auvergne, France)
  2. Baker, Michael (Directeur de Recherche au CNRS, HDR, Télécom Paris, Dept. Social and Economic Sciences, France)
  3. Mindaugas Briedis (Professor, Institute of Communication, Mykolas Romeris University, Vilnius, Lithuania)
  4. Bulea-Bronckart, Ecaterina, (Professeure en Sciences de l’éducation, Faculté de Psychologie et Sciences de l’Education, Genève, Suisse)
  5. Clot-Goudard, Rémi (MCF en Philosophie, Université Grenoble Alpes, France)
  6. Copoeru, Ion (Centre of Applied Philosophy, Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Romania)
  7. Curea, Anamaria (Faculty of letters, Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Romania)
  8. Ferré, Gaëlle (PR en sciences du langage, Université de Poitiers – France)
  9. Florea, Ligia (Faculty of letters, Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Romania)
  10. Fournel, Anda (Docteure en sciences du langage, Université Grenoble Alpes, France)
  11. Ionescu, Thea (Faculty of Psychology, Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Romania)
  12. Maire, Hélène (MCF en Psychologie, Université de Lorraine, France)
  13. Pop, Liana (Faculty of letters, Babeş-Bolyai University Cluj-Napoca, Romania)
  14. Simon, Jean-Pascal (MCF en sciences du langage, Université Grenoble Alpes)
  15. Varga Somogy (School of Culture and Society, Aarhus University, Denmark)
  16. Vernant, Denis (PR émérite en philosophie, Université Grenoble Alpes, France)
 Max Beckmann – Vor dem Maskenball, 1922